The long-awaited Covid-19 vaccination begun this week with health workers at Mulago National Referral Hospital and Entebbe Regional Referral Hospital.
The Health minister, Dr Jane Ruth Aceng, said the two facilities have treated the highest number of Covid-19 patients since the pandemic hit the country a year ago.
This week's exercise will kick-start nation-wide inoculation, but will primarily cater for most-risk populations such as frontline health professionals, teachers and lecturers.
Among priority recipients of the jab will be health workers employed at public hospitals, followed by those in private-not-for-profit and their counterparts working for profit private health facilities.
The ministerstated that Uganda aims to vaccinate at least 49.6% of its population 21,936,011 with COVID 19 vaccines in different phases.
Each phase is planned to cover 20% of the target population which is about 4,387,202 people.
Dr Alfred Driwale, the programme manager of Uganda National Expanded Programme on Immunisation (UNEPI), said national identification (ID) cards will be crucial documents to verify particulars of persons to be registered to receive the jabs.
The plan is to create a ready electronic database that can be linked to and matched with the National Identification and Registration Authority (NIRA) records to weed out outsiders.
For Ugandans without national IDs, Dr Driwale said driving permits/licences, passports, refugee cards (for refugees), work permits may be used to verify their particulars while in some cases citizens without identification documents could source and present a Local Council official or village health team member as a guarantor in order to be registered.
There will, at least for now, be no privately-administered vaccinations which the government said, among other reasons, is to prevent citizens against exploitation by unscrupulous private sector players.
At a pre-launch and media training session in Kampala yesterday, Dr Driwale said mass vaccination will prevent and reduce severe Covid-19 disease and deaths, sustain national health system response and restore health and productivity of the Ugandan societies and the economy.
The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health, Diana Atwine, also received her jab at Mulago Hospital. Upon her vaccination, she reiterated the safety of the vaccine for use by all Ugandans. Other key repeients included Proffesor Pontiano Kaleebu who is the current Director of Uganda Virus Research Institute.
By Wednesday, Uganda had reported 40,337 confirmed COVID-19 infections with 444 deaths.